Road Map Agreement
In his response to Ariel Sharon`s letter of April 14, Bush departed somewhat from this principle. He said: « Given the new realities on the ground, including the already existing major Israeli population centres, it is unrealistic that the outcome of the final status negotiations will be a full and complete return to the 1949 ceasefire lines. It is realistic to expect that a final status agreement will only be concluded on the basis of mutually agreed changes « reflecting these realities ».   The road map consists of three phases: I. Fulfilling the conditions for a Palestinian state; II. establishment of an independent Palestinian State with provisional borders; III. Negotiations for a permanent status agreement, recognition of a Palestinian State with permanent borders and an end to the conflict. The road map was based on President Bush`s idea that Palestinian terrorism was the main obstacle to an Israeli-Palestinian peace agreement, that the Palestinian authorities were encouraging terrorism and that the dismantling of the current Palestinian leadership was a prerequisite for the establishment of a Palestinian State. In his June 24, 2002 speech, Bush said that at a joint press conference with Palestinian leader Mahmoud Abbas on May 26, 2005 in the White House Rose Garden, President Bush said: « Any final status agreement must be reached between the two sides and changes to the 1949 ceasefire lines must be mutually agreed. A viable two-State solution must ensure the continuity of the West Bank, and a State with dispersed territories will not work. There must also be useful links between the West Bank and Gaza.
That is the position of the United States today, it will be the position of the United States at the time of the final status negotiations.  The roadmap, described as a « results-based and goal-oriented roadmap, » is objective-based without going into detail. It can be summarized as follows: Stop the violence; To put an end to settlement activities; reform of Palestinian institutions; Accept Israel`s right to exist; To establish a viable and sovereign Palestinian State; and to reach final agreement on all issues by 2005.  However, as a performance-based plan, progress requires and depends on the good faith efforts of the parties and their compliance with each of the commitments that the Quartet has included in the plan. . . .