Collective Agreement Co To
In Denmark, it is fundamental that trade unions have the right to try to conclude collective agreements with employers and employers` organisations. Trade unions can take different types of trade union measures to reach an agreement with an employer. You can also experience this as a foreign employer with people sent to Denmark. In the United States, the National Labor Relations Act (1935) covers most collective agreements in the private sector. The Act makes it illegal for employers to discriminate, spy, harass or terminate workers because of their union membership, or to retaliate against them because they participate in campaigns or other « concerted activities », form company unions or refuse to negotiate collective agreements with the union representing their employees. It is also illegal to require any employee to join a union as a condition of employment.  Trade unions are also able to guarantee safe working conditions and fair remuneration for their work. Portuguese law distinguishes between three types of collective agreements, depending on the type of signatories of the employer (Article 2, Law on Collective Labour Relations): association agreements negotiated by employers` organizations; multi-employer agreements negotiated by a number of employers who, whether or not they are members of employers` organisations, do not act through an association to negotiate the agreement in question; and company-level agreements negotiated by a single employer. This distinction is used by law to resolve specific cases of conflict between collective agreements (see also collective bargaining: level of collective agreements, instruments of collective labour regulation). Another legal distinction, based on the different nature of the scope of collective agreements, is defined in horizontal and vertical agreements (see below). To be legal, trade union actions in principle presuppose that the union involved has a reasonable professional interest in demanding a collective agreement. This means that the work that the union is trying to regulate by entering into an agreement must fall within the scope of the union.
A number of complementary rules are also part of the agreement, such as the so-called General Agreement between the Danish Employers` Confederation (DA) and the Danish Trade Union Confederation (LO) (Hovedaftalen). Workers are not required to join a union on a given job. However, most sectors of activity with an average trade union organization of 70% are subject to a collective agreement. .