Canada-U.s. Free Trade Agreement
During the negotiations, Canada retained the right to protect its cultural industries and sectors such as education and health. In addition, some resources, such as water, should be removed from the agreement. Canadians have failed to win free competition for U.S. government procurement. Canadian negotiators also insisted that a dispute settlement mechanism be included.  The free trade agreement met with much less opposition in the United States. Polls showed that up to 40 percent of Americans did not know the deal was signed. The law implementing the agreement was handed over to Congress on July 26, 1988 by President Reagan for « expedited approval, » meaning that it could be accepted or rejected, but could not be amended. The U.S.-Canada Free Trade Agreement Implementation Act of 1988 passed by a « no » vote in the House of Representatives: 366 to 40 was passed in the House of Representatives on August 9, 1988 and voted « no » in the Senate. 83-9, 19 September 1988.
 The Act was signed by the President on September 28, 1988 and became Public Law No. 100-449  The full text of the agreement between the United States, Mexico and Canada is available here. Many critics of NAFTA saw the deal as a radical experiment developed by influential multinationals who wanted to increase their profits at the expense of ordinary citizens of the countries involved. Opposition groups have argued that the horizontal rules imposed by NAFTA could undermine local governments by preventing them from legislating or legislating to protect the public interest. Critics have also argued that the treaty would lead to a significant deterioration in environmental and health standards, promote the privatization and deregulation of important public services, and supplant family farmers in signatory countries. The CUSMA outcomes, signed on the sidelines of the G20 summit in Buenos Aires in November 2018, preserve key elements of long-term trade relations and contain new and updated provisions to address twenty-first century trade issues and promote opportunities for nearly half a billion people whom North America calls a homeland. The phenomenon of « cross-border shopping, » where Canadians would take day trips to U.S. border towns for duty-free goods and a high Canadian dollar, has caused a mini boom for these cities. The loss of many Canadian jobs, particularly in Ontario`s manufacturing sector during the recession of the early 1990s, was attributed (fairly or not) to the free trade agreement. Additional ancillary agreements have been adopted to allay concerns about the potential impact of the Treaty on the labour market and the environment.
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