Economic Trade Agreements Asia
Section 2 examines ASEAN`s socio-economic progress. Japanese Prime Minister Yoshihide Suga on Saturday reaffirmed his government`s support for « the expansion of a free and fair economic zone, including the possibility of India`s future return to the agreement, and hopes to win the support of other countries. » Chinese President Xi opens up to other trade and import agreements Many member states have already concluded free trade agreements (FTAs), but there are restrictions. « It is essential that partners like China, when they enter into new agreements like this, not only provide the details of such agreements, but act faithfully to their minds, » Birmingham told The Age newspaper. According to the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), RCEP members together account for nearly one-third of the world`s population and represent a similar share of the global economy and trade. The Peterson Institute for International Economics estimates that the new agreement could potentially grow the global economy by $186 billion per year. The RCEP brings together China, Japan and South Korea for the first time in a trade agreement and includes 10 Southeast Asian countries, as well as Australia and New Zealand. Chinese Premier Li Keqiang celebrated the signing of the agreement in a speech at the summit, saying: « The signing of the RCEP is not only a milestone in East Asian regional cooperation, but also a victory for multilateralism and free trade. » Despite the obvious increases, regionalization also entails costs. The famous overlapping RTA puzzle, described by Bhagwati (1991) as a « spaghetti cup » and Baldwin`s « pasta bowl » (2004), which refers to the proliferation of trade agreements in Asia, could undermine the social assistance potential of regional agreements. One of the main challenges is to harmonize the many barriers to international production networks in Asia, as manufacturing exporters are heavily dependent on intra-regional trade (Baldwin, 2015). The treatment of the different priorities, institutional capacities and policies of Member States in a complex network of agreements is also of concern. An Indonesian product containing, for example, Australian coins could expect tariffs elsewhere in the Asean Free Trade Area. www.international.gc.ca/trade-agreements-accords-commerciaux/agr-acc/fta-ale.aspx?lang=eng www.economia.gob.mx/trade-and-investment/foreign-trade/international-trade-negotiations/north-america www.dti.gov.ph/dti/index.php/resources/trade-agreements The trade agreement allows China – by far the largest economy and the most populous country in the region – to become a « champion of globalization and multilateral cooperation, » Gareth Leather, Asia`s chief capital economy economist, said in a report.
As far as the future is concerned, an American option is to continue to do so in its current form, with increased multilateral support. Trump`s approach – minus incendiary rhetoric – is supported by Congress and even by some ASEAN countries like Vietnam. Nevertheless, the United States is at risk of being sidelined as economic agreements such as the RCEP, CPTPP and BIS continue to develop. In the absence of an economic pillar, foIP will further push countries to choose between economic and security interests. Chinese Premier Li Keqiang on Sunday called the agreement a « victory for multilateralism and free trade, » according to a report by the state-run Xinhua news agency.